Alexander had a very young son, but he was too young to take over the reign of the empire...
Furthermore, the Anti-Christ will rise from some country in the area conquered by Alexander the Great (remember the little horn in the vision of the Ram and Goat - See: click here )
Bob Faulker has a great write up on The Last Message of Daniel: click here
The article is also available as a set of audio messages at SermonAudio.com:
The material below is based on Bob Faulkner's study on the Last Message of Daniel (with some of my comments added).
Initially, there were more than ten generals fighting among each other. Many of them got killed and after about a century of fighting, 4 final empires emerged:
Wikipedia page of the Syrian Wars: click here
It was conquered by Octavianus (a.k.a. Augustus).
The famous battle of Actium ( click here) was last great battle of the Egyptian empire against the Roman empire.
However, Pompei did not conquer the whole (original) Seleucid Empire.
The Eastern portion of the Seleucid Empire broke away during Seleucus II's reign and formed the Parthian Empire:
In 245 BCE, a satrap named Andragoras
revolted from the young Seleucid king Seleucus II,
who had just succeeded to the throne. In the confusion,
Parthia was overrun by the Parni, a nomad tribe from the
Central-Asian steppe. In 238 BCE, they occupied the district known
as Astavene. Three years later, a Parnian leader named Tiridates
ventured further south and seized the rest of Parthia.
A counter-offensive by king Seleucus ended in disaster,
and Hyrcania was also subdued by the Parni.
The first king of the Parthians (as the Parni were called from now on)
was Tiridates' brother Arsaces I. His capital was Hecatompylus.
See: click here
The Parthian Empire was later conquered by the Islamic Empire
Towards the end of Daniel 11, the vision foretell the coming of the end-time ruler (Mahdi).
We need one verse from Daniel 10
in order to understand the vision:
This verse give the starting point of the prediction: it begins with the reign of Cyrus the Great of Persia - see: click here
The prophecy itself begins in verse 2 of Daniel 11...
Dan 11:2 "Now then, I tell you the truth:
Three more kings will
appear in Persia,
and then a fourth,
who will be far richer than all the others.
Dan 11:2 ...
When he (Xerxes)
has gained power by his wealth, he will stir up everyone against
the kingdom of Greece.
3 Then a mighty king will appear,
who will rule with great power
and do as he pleases.
4 After he has appeared, his empire will be broken up and parceled out
toward the four winds of heaven.
It will not go to his descendants,
nor will it have the power he exercised, because his empire
will be uprooted and given to others.
Dan 11:5 "The king of the South
will become strong,
Dan 11:5 ...but one of his (=Ptolemy)
will become even stronger
than he and will rule
his own kingdom with great power.
Dan 11: 6 After some years,
they will become allies.
The daughter of the king of the South
will go to the king of the North
to make an alliance, but she will not retain her power,
and he and his power will not last.
In those days she will be handed over,
together with her royal
escort and her father and the one who supported her.
Dan 11:7 "One from her family line
(= Ptolemy III)
will arise to take her place.
(= Ptolemy III)
will attack the forces of the king of the North
(= Seleucus II, son of Laodice)
and enter his fortress;
he will fight against them and be victorious.
Dan 11:8 He (= Ptolemy III) will also seize their (= Seleucus II, son of Laodice) gods, their metal images and their valuable articles of silver and gold and carry them off to Egypt. For some years he (= Ptolemy III) will leave the king of the North (= Seleucus II, son of Laodice) alone.
Then the king of the North will invade the realm of the king of the South
but will retreat to his own country.
(= Antiochus II)
sons will prepare for war and assemble a great army,
which will sweep on like an irresistible flood and carry the battle
as far as his (= Ptolemy IV)
Dan 11:11 "Then the king of the South (Ptolemy IV) will march out in a rage and fight against the king of the North (Antiochus III), who will raise a large army, but it (Antiochus III) will be defeated.
Dan 11:12 When the army is carried off, the king of the South (Ptolemy IV) will be filled with pride and will slaughter many thousands (Jews !), yet he (Ptolemy IV) will not remain triumphant.
Dan 11:13 For the king of the North (Antiochus III) will muster another army, larger than the first; and after several years, he (Antiochus III) will advance with a huge army fully equipped.
Dan 11:14 "In those times many (= Jews) will rise against the king of the South (=Ptolemy V). The violent men among your own people will rebel in fulfillment of the vision, but without success.
Dan 11:15 Then the king of the North (Antiochus III) will come and build up siege ramps and will capture a fortified city (probably Sidon). The forces of the South (Scopas) will be powerless to resist; even their best troops will not have the strength to stand.
Dan 11:16 The invader (Antiochus III) will do as he pleases; no one will be able to stand against him. He (Antiochus III) will establish himself in the Beautiful Land (=Israel) and will have the power to destroy it.
Dan 11:17 He (Anthiochus III) will determine to come with the might of his entire kingdom and will make an alliance with the king of the South (Ptolemy V). And he (Antiochus III) will give him (Ptolemy V - he is still a kid !) a daughter (=Cleopatra I) in marriage in order to overthrow the kingdom, but his plans will not succeed or help him.
Dan 11:18 Then he (Antiochus III) will turn his attention to the coastlands (Greek Islands) and will take many of them, but a commander (Scipio) will put an end to his insolence and will turn his insolence back upon him.
Dan 11:19 After this, he (Antiochus III) will turn back toward the fortresses of his own country but will stumble and fall, to be seen no more.
20 "His successor (= Seleucus IV) will send out a tax collector (= Heliodorus) to maintain the royal splendor. In a few years, however, he (= Seleucus IV) will be destroyed, yet not in anger or in battle.
21 "He (Seleucus IV) will be succeeded by a contemptible person (Antiochus IV) who has not been given the honor of royalty. He (Antiochus IV) will invade the kingdom (Israel) when its people feel secure, and he will seize it through intrigue.
Dan 11:22 Then an overwhelming army will be swept away before him; both it and a prince of the covenant will be destroyed.
Dan 11:23 After coming to an agreement with him, he will act deceitfully, and with only a few people he will rise to power.
Dan 11:24 When the richest provinces feel secure, he will invade them and will achieve what neither his fathers nor his forefathers did. He will distribute plunder, loot and wealth among his followers. He will plot the overthrow of fortressesbut only for a time.
Dan 11:25 "With a large army he (Antiochus IV) will stir up his strength and courage against the king of the South (Ptolemy VI - Philometer). The king of the South will wage war with a large and very powerful army, but he will not be able to stand because of the plots devised against him.
Dan 11:26 Those who eat from the king's provisions will try to destroy him; his army will be swept away, and many will fall in battle.
Dan 11:27 The two kings (= Antiochus IV and Ptolemy VI), with their hearts bent on evil, will sit at the same table and lie to each other (= make a peace treaty), but to no avail, because an end will still come at the appointed time.
29 "At the appointed time he (Antiochus IV) will invade the South (Egypt) again, but this time the outcome will be different from what it was before.
30 Ships of the western coastlands will oppose him, and he will lose heart.
...Then he will turn back and vent his fury against the holy covenant.
.... He will return and show favor to those who forsake the holy covenant.
Dan 11:31 "His armed forces will rise up to desecrate the temple fortress and will abolish the daily sacrifice. Then they will set up the abomination that causes desolation.
Dan 11:32 With flattery he will corrupt those who have violated the covenant, but the people who know their God will firmly resist him.
Dan 11:33 "Those who are wise will instruct many, though for a time
they will fall by the sword or be burned or captured or plundered.
Upto Dan 11:35, we were able to match up historical events with Daniel's vision
Therefore, the prophecy from Dan 11:36 onward is about the end time
Dan 11:36 "The king (=Mahdi)
will do as he pleases.
He will exalt and magnify himself above every god
and will say unheard-of things against the God of gods.
He will be successful until the time of wrath is completed,
for what has been determined must take place.
37 He will show no regard for the gods of his fathers or for the one desired by women, nor will he regard any god, but will exalt himself above them all.
Dan 11:38 Instead of them, he will honor a god of fortresses (= Allah); a god unknown to his fathers he will honor with gold and silver (= booty), with precious stones and costly gifts.
Dan 11:39 He will attack the mightiest fortresses with the help of a foreign god and will greatly honor those who acknowledge him. He will make them rulers over many people and will distribute the land at a price.
40 "At the time of the end the king of the South (= Egypt) will engage him in battle, and the king of the North (= Mahdi) will storm out against him with chariots and cavalry and a great fleet of ships. He will invade many countries and sweep through them like a flood.
41 He will also invade the Beautiful Land (= Israel). Many countries will fall, but Edom, Moab and the leaders of Ammon will be delivered from his hand.
Dan 11:42 He will extend his power over many countries; Egypt will not escape.
Dan 11:43 He will gain control of the treasures of gold and silver and all the riches of Egypt, with the Libyans and Nubians in submission.
Dan 11:44 But reports from the east and the north will alarm him, and he will set out in a great rage to destroy and annihilate many.
Dan 11:45 He will pitch his royal tents between the seas at the beautiful holy mountain.
....Yet he will come to his end, and no one will help him.